Diabetes is a disease that occurs when your blood glucose, (blood sugar) is too high. Blood glucose is your main source of energy and comes from the food you eat. Insulin, a hormone made by the pancreas, helps to convert the glucose to energy. It is estimated that 415 million people worldwide live with this disease and 46% of them remain undiagnosed. People with prediabetes have higher-than-normal blood sugar levels, but doctors do not consider them to have diabetes yet.
The risk factors of diabetes include: being overweight, a family history of the disease, having a high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol level lower than 40 mg/dL or 50 mg/dL, a history of high blood pressure, having gestational diabetes or giving birth to a child with a birth weight of more than 9 pounds, a history of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), being more than 45 years of age, as well as having a sedentary lifestyle.
9 early signs of Diabetes that you must watch out for are;
-1. Frequent urination: You always experience a need to urinate more frequently, particularly at night.
-2.Increased thirst: The frequent urination causes dehydration and leads to a person feeling more thirsty than usual.
-3. Always feeling hungry: People with diabetes often do not get enough energy from the food they eat. As a result, they often feel constantly hungry, regardless of how recently they have eaten.
-4. Feeling very tired: This tiredness occurs as a result of insufficient sugar moving from the bloodstream into the body’s cells.
-5. Blurry vision: An excess of sugar in the blood can damage the tiny blood vessels in the eyes, which can cause blurry vision.
-6.Slow healing of wounds: High levels of sugar in the blood can damage the body’s nerves and blood vessels, and such wounds may take weeks or months to heal.
-7.Numbness, or pain in the hands or feet: This condition is known as neuropathy, and it can worsen over time and lead to more serious complications if the diabetes is not treated.
-8. Patches of dark skin: Patches of dark skin forming on the creases of the neck, armpit also signifies a higher risk of diabetes.
–9. Itching on your body: Excess sugar in the blood and urine provides food for yeast, which can lead to an infection that itches.