Glaucoma is a condition that damages your eye’s optic nerve. It gets worse over time. It’s often linked to a build-up of pressure inside your eye. Glaucoma tends to run in families. You usually don’t get it until later in life.
The increased pressure in your eye, called intraocular pressure, can damage your optic nerve, which sends images to your brain. If the damage worsens, glaucoma can cause permanent vision loss or even total blindness within a few years.
Most people with glaucoma have no early symptoms or pain. Visit your eye doctor regularly so they can diagnose and treat glaucoma before you have long-term vision loss.
If you lose vision, it can’t be brought back. But lowering eye pressure can help you keep the sight you have. Most people with glaucoma who follow their treatment plan and have regular eye exams are able to keep their vision.
You’re more likely to get it if you:
-Are of African American, Irish, Russian, Japanese, Hispanic, Inuit, or Scandinavian descent
-Are over 40
-Have a family history of glaucoma
-Have poor vision
-Take certain steroid medications such as prednisone
-Have had an injury to your eye or eyes
-Have corneas that are thinner than usual
-Have high blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes, or sickle cell anemia
-Have high eye pressure
-Are near sighted or farsighted